'One small step...': What Neil Armstrong really said
Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong (right) trudges across the surface of the moon, leaving behind footprints, on July 20, 1969. The U.S. flag, planted on the surface by the astronauts can be seen between Armstrong and the lunar module.
From left, Buzz Aldrin, Neil Armstrong, Maj. Gen. Michael Collins, pose for a portrait in front of a lunar module device at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum in Washington on Sunday, July 19, 2009. (AP Photo/The Washington Post, Marcus Yam) ** WASHINGTON TIMES OUT, NEW YORK TIMES OUT, USA TODAY OUT, DC EXAMINER OUT, NO SALES, NO ARCHIVES, NO MAGAZINES, MANDATORY CREDIT **
NASA Framed in the shadow of the lunar module lander, Apollo 11 astronaut Neil Armstrong steps down from the lander and becomes the first man to set foot on the moon, on July 20, 1969.
What the world heard was grammatically flubbed: Thats one small step for man; one giant leap for mankind.
Armstrong insists he said: Thats one small step for a man. Its just that people just didnt hear it.
Science, and NASA, back up Armstrong.
The a was intended, Armstrong said in 1999. I thought I said it. I cant hear it when I listen on the radio reception here on Earth, so Ill be happy if you just put it in parentheses.
In 2006, a computer analysis found evidence that Armstrong said what he said he said.
Peter Shann Ford, an Australian computer programmer, ran a software analysis looking at sound waves and found a wave that would have been the missing a. It lasted 35 milliseconds, much too quick to be heard.
Experts at the Smithsonian Institution looked at the evidence and it was convincing, said Smithsonian space curator Roger Launius.
I find the technology interesting and useful, Armstrong said in a statement. I also find his conclusion persuasive.
And NASA stands by its moon man.
If Neil Armstrong says there was an a, then as far as were concerned, there was a, NASA spokesman Michael Cabbage said.
The first moon walk
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