Today in History
On July 28, 1932, federal troops acting at the order of President Herbert Hoover forcibly dispersed the so-called "Bonus Army" of World War I veterans who had gathered by the thousands in Washington to demand payments they weren't scheduled to receive until 1945.
On this date:
In 1540, King Henry VIII's chief minister, Thomas Cromwell, was executed, the same day Henry married his fifth wife, Catherine Howard.
In 1609, the English ship Sea Venture, commanded by Adm. Sir George Somers, ran ashore on Bermuda, where the passengers and crew founded a colony.
In 1794, Maximilien Robespierre, a leading figure of the French Revolution, was sent to the guillotine.
In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.
In 1914, World War I began as Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia.
In 1928, the Summer Olympic games opened in Amsterdam.
In 1943, President Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the end of coffee rationing, which had limited people to one pound of coffee every five weeks since it began in Nov. 1942.
In 1945, a U.S. Army bomber crashed into the 79th floor of New York's Empire State Building, killing 14 people. The U.S. Senate ratified the United Nations Charter by a vote of 89-2.
In 1959, in preparation for statehood, Hawaiians voted to send the first Chinese-American, Republican Hiram Fong, to the U.S. Senate and the first Japanese-American, Democrat Daniel Inouye, to the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1962, 19 passengers were killed when a Pennsylvania Railroad Co. train enroute from Harrisburg to Philadelphia derailed in Steelton.
In 1976, an earthquake devastated northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate.
In 1990, political newcomer and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in for his first term as president of Peru.
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