Condensed vs. evaporated milk: sugar is the difference
The biggest difference between cream and condensed milk can be found in the latter's alternative name: "Sweetened condensed milk."
It is a mixture of whole milk and sugar "heated until about 60 percent of the water evaporates," according to "The Deluxe Food Lover's Companion," and "the resulting condensed mixture is extremely sticky and sweet."
Evaporated milk is unsweetened condensed milk. You'll find both side by side in the supermarket bakery aisle; check labels closely to make sure you're buying the right one.
Both condensed milk and evaporated milk have a thick, creamy texture. I've substituted both for cream (and vice versa) in pie recipes. Just remember, condensed milk is already sweetened, so cut back on any added sugar.
These condensed milks also have a somewhat cooked flavor as opposed to the taste of fresh cream or milk.
Condensed and evaporated milks have the advantage over fresh cream in that they can be safely stored for months without needing refrigeration.
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